Designing 3D Printed Dresses | FASHION AS DESIGN

Designing 3D Printed Dresses | FASHION AS DESIGN


Usually there’s an instinct, an idea, and
when the instinct resonates between the three of us, then we feel like we need to make it
to bring it to life. And each time it comes to life, it depends
who’s guiding this instinct to come to life. So whether its a pattern who’s guiding it,
whether it’s one of us who’s guiding it, whether it’s a textile, or a technology,
that dictates how this idea is going to come to life. Lovely smell. By being involved in all kinds of intricate
geometry, it required us to go further and further into means of expressing that geometry. So that led us directly into 3D printing because
that enabled us to express exact geometry. I met Gabi, Adi, and Angie through a mutual
friend, probably Rothenburg, who had been doing some of the earlier work with him. Some earlier textile work. I had been kind of exploring pattering systems
as it relates to architecture, and how you kind of tile space. I have always been interested in how you could
do similar things in different design disciplines. Fashion, I think in particular. And when I kind of first met threeASFOUR and
I was exposed to their work, I was struck by how they are exploring a similar thing,
mainly geometry and how you can kind of wrap a form in it, or wrap a human body in it,
in this case. They had a relationship with Stratasys, the
3D printing company, to do a dress, kind of sponsoring the fabrication of the dress. So when we started, the project was to do
a single piece, one dress form. The most natural way for us to work is to
pick a silhouette that we’ve done before and build on that. In many cases, it may change. In this case, it’s a very classic threeASFOUR
cut. We basically scanned a person in real life
wearing the dress, and then we had the base silhouette to work from. We did play with the Z-axis off of that dress. Because you’re printing it, you’re able
to add thickness to the surface. So in some parts, like especially the shoulders,
it gets bigger in certain areas and we had to kind of, back and forth design the overall
silhouette. In fashion, function in a geometric case,
is really about the movement of the human body, and how you are articulating that, and
working with it. And I think all of the pieces are definitely
exploring that and interested in that. How you can take a patterning system and apply
it across the body, and make it change, and transform based on the body, and on the ergonomics
of the body, and how the person is moving. These are the shoulders. One, two. That’s the chest. See? These are the back pieces here, and here. So they’re center-back here. This is the bottom-back, so that’s your
butt, here and here. The moment you create a three-dimensional
weave, you start thinking about movement in 3D— three directions. So instead of a fabric that’s stretching
on the XY-plane, you have a fabric that is stretching on the Z-plane. So XYZ becomes much more agile, and much more,
how do you say, true to your anatomy type of movement. So the fabric will be able to emulate anatomy,
movement, much more directly. How you use technology to reinterpret old
ideas is an important thing. There is a lot of different technologies and
machines to work with. So the exact dimensional constraints you have
to work with in are different for every technology. The specific material constraints, like how
thin I can go until it breaks, are very different for each technology. So some of the dresses, like ‘Oscillation’
for example, was all printed as flat pieces. And it was printed in a rubber-like material,
so we can bend it into shape. It’s really a textile design process, because
you’re printing out the pattern pieces as geometric swatches, in a way. And you have to know that when you sew that
all together, it takes on a three-dimensional shape. My role in the 3D-printing and division of
threeASFOUR is the ‘manos’ and the machine art part. I’m the one, once those babies come out
of the box, and we have to clean them with a toothbrush, and then lay them out like a
piece of puzzle. Make sure everything is correct, and then
try to come in and figure out how to attach the babies onto something that is like a layer
approximate to human skin, you know? But hold it all together. Which is usually like a mesh body, shell,
underneath. And in this case, I use fishing wire. Hold them all into place, you know, because
some pieces that are obviously— as you can see here, are on the heavier side. Really thick and blending into something intricate,
and skinny, and soft. The contradiction between both materials,
which is actually the same material, it’s just through the variation of thickness, it’s
like David and Goliath fighting with each other actually, when they are put next to
each other, you know? The whole process is a lot of back and forth
between analog and digital processes. So whether we’re playing with paper dolls,
scanning that into the computer. Or scanning a paper dress on a person, that
goes into the computer. We digitally test it, print some swatches,
maybe print a whole piece, but along the way, you are always communicating between different
mediums. You know we’re not the first ones to be
doing 3D printing. But we felt that we wanted to approach it
the same way that we’ve been approaching fabric manipulation— textiles. So we wanted to see 3D printing as a tool
to evolve textile making into many steps ahead. To be honest, I think in general, mankind
is not really ready for anything that experimental yet. It’s way too out there for the general public. But you always need, you know, the pioneers
to take it there so it becomes the norm. You have to be honest and say that the technology
is very far from a point where we’ll readily be producing consumer-friendly 3D printed
clothes. The need for textiles is like one of the most
basic human needs. And I mean, we’re always going to need them. It’s like how does the tool allow us to
interpret what those are, what a textile is. Like one of the most ancient human things
out there.


10 thoughts on “Designing 3D Printed Dresses | FASHION AS DESIGN

  1. I love this. However it is hard to accept that these are functional as they don't show you anyone wearing the pieces.

  2. I look to the final for see how these dresses look on a body, but it didn't happened… entire video it lays on a table….

  3. Amazing concept. Obviously this would be way too heavy for practical use. Unlikely to be suitable for main stream clothing any time soon.

  4. Nice concept but the printing materail is so thick. It is something i see as so or sew easy as the size of print base is the problem with this syatem. Meaning the printer threads are so thick and could be made thread fine very easily.

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