Hi. Welcome to Tutorial #2. My name is Tom Antos.
I have a cold today or some allergies, I am not even sure. So you might hear me sneeze or cough or something. In this tutorial we’re going to do a setup for a music video
performance shot. It is a very stylized lighting set up
that kind of works for music videos. I’ll be doing other tutorials where
I’ll talk about different lighting set ups, but
I will go over it briefly right now. The way I see it, there is three
styles of cinematography out there. First, there is this very stylized look
that we’re doing in this tutorial. It’s used in a lot of music videos and
some films like “Armageddon” or “Pearl Harbor” for example. Both films directed
By Michael Bay A guy who actually comes from a music video background.
It’s probably the reason why his films look like that. The second lighting style is naturalistic but it still uses lighting, a lot of intricate lighting set ups. It tries to simulate what happens
naturally in the real world. One cinematographer who comes to my mind
is Janusz Kaminski. He works with Spielberg a lot so he did
“Saving Private Ryan”. He also did a really cool film that didn’t get a lot exposure called
“The Diving Bell and the Butterfly”. Really nice cinematography.
Check it out. And then, the third lighting is this
bare-bones, minimalistic approach where you just use the available light.
A good example of that is a film called “The New World” starring Colin Farrell The director there and the cinematographer
only used the natural light. And it’s actually a
great-looking film – this is the style I kind of used
in this music video with Christopher Charles – but a lot of people mistakenly think
it’s easy to do because you have no lights to worry about, when in fact you have to do a lot of
homework beforehand. You have to scout locations,
writing down what time of the day or year
does the sun set, rise or illuminate
a certain part of the set. But I’ll talk about this in another tutorial. So, anyways, let’s begin working on this shot.
It is a simple music video performance shot. Really, all we care about is seeing Chris
sing the song and play the guitar. And since I don’t really like how
this room looks, I decided I’m going to keep it pretty much low-key, keep the background almost dark,
especially after I do the color correction. I know I’m going to crash the blacks
and make it darker. But I don’t want it to look flat,
obviously. You know, the big thing in making images look nice
is giving them contrast. And you can do it through different things.
You can do it through different colors that contrast each other
or through lights.
And in this example I’m going to use
mainly the lights. So, here is just the normal
lighting in the room, and here you can see me
turn on one of the lights – a 1000W Red Head. Just a simple tungsten light. And right away you can see that when I point at Chris it makes him a lot brighter
than the background, which allows me to bring down
the exposure of the shot, and throw the background
right away into darkness. Here, you see me moving the light around,
trying to find the best angle for it. And once I like the position of the light,
which is just to the left of the camera and slightly above Chris’s eyeline
– which gives you a nice shadow under the nose and that
kind of a a thing, but I also make sure that
we can see his eyes. And right away, you can see that
it looks a lot more interesting. But I don’t like that painting or picture
that’s in the background. So I had that removed. And another thing that I noticed right away,
of course, is that Chris blends in with the background,
because the right side of his face is completely dark. Especially when I color correct it,
I know it’s going to be pretty much black there. And since the background there is black,
he blends in – you don’t see the shoulder, you don’t see the right side of his face. So, the best thing you can do –
and this is just standard lighting – I’m going to do more tutorials
where I will do more complex lighting set ups – but this one is basic. I’m going to
be using pretty much only two lights. And so the one light you see – we’re going to call it
the key light – that’s lighting his face. And now I’m gonna throw another light behind him,
to the right side of the camera, And right away you’ll notice that it helps
separate Chris from the background, adds a little bit of a rim light on his shoulder, his ear, his hair. And he kind of stands out. These are kinds of things
you gotta pay attention to so that you make the shots
have more depth. As I was saying in tutorial #1,
you do it through the use of depth of field and your framing, as you decide what you want to put in the shot.
So, here you see that the background is thrown
out of focus a little bit. I put that rim light around him which helps to separate him
from the dark background, but still keeps this dark tone.
Still, half of his face is dark. You see me here turn on and off the light
and you see the difference that it makes It’s pretty big. Now, the next thing that I do
is to put little lights behind him. They don’t really light him.
They don’t really affect him at all. All that these lights do is help give you extra contrast to this shot. And another thing is that I know
I will use a streak filter to add those streaks that you see
in a lot of music videos and this way these lights will help me create those extra streaks that you see. I keep adjusting the lights behind him,
changing the intensity of these lights. I actually – originally I had 60W light bulbs –
now I put in, I think 200W light bulbs so that there is more of a punch,
more of a noticeable light. I put some black tin foil around
those lights to make those lights more pointy,
more cone shaped. The next thing I do is bring Chris closer
to the camera because I want to throw the background
even more out of focus. And I readjust the key light and the rim light that’s behind him.
I fine-tuned the angle of it. And, right away, when you look at it it’s more interesting than it was before. It might not be the world’s more beautiful
looking shot, but it’s more interesting, for sure, than what we started with. Another thing that I do is that I put the camera
on a dolly and just move the camera left and right to add some movement, to have the streaks
coming in and out of the frame, And it adds a bit more life to the shot.
But I right away see that even though the camera moves
you don’t notice the movement as much and that’s because there’s nothing
in the foreground to give you a sense of the fact that the camera is actually moving. But, as I said, since this is a music video shot, things don’t really need to make sense. I basically just put some random object in the foreground and it’s totally in the shadows.
So, you don’t even see what it is. It’s out of focus. But it just makes you aware of the fact that
the camera is actually moving and it’s a nice way
to reveal Chris’s face as the camera goes in from behind the object and in front of him. And the next thing I do is color correction – straightforward, simple correction. I think with the color correction now
it’s a nice, interesting shoot. Take a look for yourself. So, it is pretty cool but still to me, I was looking at it,
and I thought maybe I can play around and do something more. Not all of you will like this
and it’s just a matter of opinion. There is a million ways that you can do
a shot like this for a musis video. So, it’s really up to your preference,
but I decided to put these little decorations. I’m not even sure what they were.
I just found them lying around. And they had little lights on it.
Anyways, I put them in close to the camera. I turned on these little blue lights
that I had and I just threw it out of focus
and in this way it adds more of this romantic
kind of a feeling to this shot. But another big thing is that
it adds a lot of depth to this shot. There’s something in the foreground
that’s out of focus. And it also helps you notice the camera
dollying back and forth a lot more. And here’s the final product. This is how it looks. So, that’s it. Thank you, guys.
I hope you enjoyed it. Feel free to email me here on YouTube
or leave some comments. Let me know what you would like me
to talk about in the next tutorial.