Hello Friends! Today we will look into Shade
House or Green-Net house, Its benefits in gardening, Different colors of shadenets and
some important points to remember in Its Planning, Design Ideas and Construction of shade house
at home gardening or terrace gardening level. Stay tuned.
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What is a Shade House?, also called shadenet house or net house, green net house, green
house and so on. A Shade house is a framed structure enclosed
by nets or any other woven material of different percentages of light filtering, to allow only
the required amount of sunlight, moisture and air to pass through the gaps. It creates
an appropriate micro climate for proper plant growth.
The shade nets are made up of 100% Polyethylene thread with specialised UV treatment and they
have different shade percentages or Shade factors i.e 15%, 35%, 40%, 50% 75% and 90%
(for example 35% shade factor means – the net will cut 35% of light intensity and would
allow only 65% of light intensity to pass through the net). Each plant has its individual requirements
for sunlight and shade and to create optimum climatic conditions, selection of the correct
percentage of shade factor is very important. Colors of Shadenets: Presently shadenets are available in different
colours i.e. white, black, red, blue, yellow and green and in combinations: like Green
x Black – Black x Black – White x Black – Green x Green . Whatever it is the darker shade
generally filters more sunlight and Green x Green shade – enhances the process of photosynthesis
in plants resulting better foliage in ornamental plants.
Planning and Design of a Shade House: The shade house structure should be planned
taking into consideration the type of crop to be grown, locally available materials and
local climatic conditions. I will only discuss some important points at home gardening or
terrace gardening level, that�s is basics. Site selection & Orientation: Single span
structure may be oriented either in east-west or north-south direction but multispan structure
should be oriented in north-south direction to ensure uniform light intensity.
Structure: It mainly the FRAME and CLADDING MATERIAL.
1. FRAME: best material to use for framing is MS (Full form of MS is Mild steel). This
can easily last for than 25 years depending on the guage you use. Here am using 16 guage
material � like 3 inch diameter MS pipes for pillars, 2 inch pipes for top frame support.
Plus you can plan and design decorative ideas like hooks for hanging pots, Then two step
or three step pots stands, then plan one area for vertical garden using thick mesh support
to hang vertical pots and also a provision for garden swing and things like that depending
on your budget. 2. Make sure you periodically perform anti-rust
treatment by painting the MS material like once in 2 � 3 years or so.
3. The Cheaper Alternative to MS is bamboo sticks but the life of this type of shade
house is not more than 5 years or so. 4. Now coming to the Shade Net Material, you
can choose the Filter percentage depending on your local climate. In my zone, am using
50 percent green-green shade net which is the most commonly used everywhere. You need
to tie the shade net cloth firmly at all ends and at multiple places to keep it taut and
give it�s a professional look. Also remember to keep it open at atleast 2 sides to allow
good air flow to your plants. And also giving some gaps at the side walls at different places
is a good idea to allow air circulation. 5. The Design and Decoration depends on your
engineering skills as well as your budget and ofcourse the dimensions of the shade house.
6. The cost of shadenet cloth differs from place to place and also on the percentage
of sunlight filtering � like 50 percent shade net comes at the price of 1 to 2 dollar
per square meter or even less than that. And the cost of MS framing will be about 2 – 3
dollars per square feet including material and labour.
We will quickly look at the uses of shade house in gardening and farming:
� Helps in proper growth and development of any type of plants like flower plants,
ornamental plants, medicinal plants, vegetables & fruits specially in summer and hot places.
� Helps to enhance yield and prevent losses due to excessive heat.
� Protection against many pest attacks. � Protects crops from natural weather disturbances
such as wind, rain, hail stones, frost, bird and insects.
� Used in production of grafts and reducing its failure rate during hot summer days.
� Helps in creating favourable micro environment for production of Vermicompost.
� Other uses like Hardening of plants, terrace gardening, fencing and so on.. So there we have it folks, that is the beginning
of my terrace gardening in my shade house. If you like the video please give a thumbs
up and also comment something below the video like feedback or suggestions or any additional
points I missed out. And Consider subscribing to the channel if you are new to my channel
with the notification bell turned on. Happy Gardening.