This Turtle Hasn’t Had Lighting Since 1992 – 3 New Neglected Reptiles!


– Today I wanna show you
three animals we have that are all very different individually, but are all suffering from the same issue due to neglect in care. The first is this yellow-bellied slider who has this ridiculous
lumpy shape as you can see. He is around 40 years old,
if I remember correctly, and has not had proper care since 1992. The second is a leopard gecko, which is not 40 years old. It’s less than a year old, but it is suffering from
pretty similar issues because of neglect in care. And the third is a bearded dragon. Same deal, very young and
it’s not growing properly because of issues with the husbandry. All three of these animals are suffering from metabolic bone disease. Now it sounds like it’s contagious ’cause it’s called a disease, but it does not affect
any animals around it. It simply affects their growth and how they develop as an animal. Specifically with bones,
including shells in turtles. So let’s get started with this one, and then I’ll show you those other two, talk about what their issues are, how it’s happened, and
how they have adapted, and how you can avoid it
with your own animals. This yellow-bellied slider, like I said, has not been cared for right since 1992, which is just a really
weird thing to think about. That was eight years before I was born, so it’s been a while. Thankfully, he is doing very
well all things considered, but you can probably immediately
tell what his issues are if you’ve ever seen a turtle,
or if you have common sense. He’s completely lumpy, lopsided, has no symmetry in his shell. It’s grown completely off. A normal slider is gonna be
symmetrical, pretty flat, have a nice aerodynamic
shape for swimming, and doesn’t look absolutely ridiculous. Meanwhile, this turtle is very long. It’s got this weird curve to it. The left has indentions in the body. The bottom’s just completely sticking out, so he can’t even stand without
just wobbling side to side. The back is squished so much that his tail doesn’t even
really fit into his shell. And his front is just completely
off and warped to one side. So what causes this and
how does it affect them? Well, sliders are an animal
that are semi-aquatic, so they’ll enjoy time
in the water obviously. They’ll swim, they’ll find food,
they’ll seek shelter there. But most of the day, they’re
gonna be basking on rocks and logs and places like
rivers, creeks, stuff like that where they have places to bask and also easy access to water. When they’re basking,
they are under the sun, which is very warm and has UV rays, two things that are very important. Warmth is important so that the shell can stay dry most of the time so it doesn’t start rotting away. And then UV rays help the
shell grow as it should. In captivity, they’re
gonna do the same thing. You’re gonna put a heat
lamp and a UVB bulb. And this has to be replaced pretty often to make sure it’s still working because the rays kind
of run out in the bulb, and after about six to 12 months, it’s not going to be very effective. So basically, whoever had
this turtle at that time was not doing that from the 90’s ’til now. The person we got him from
was doing a great job. If I remember correctly,
it was actually someone from an organization that
takes in other animals, and ended up getting this turtle. But they didn’t actually
work with reptiles, so they gave it to me. And although I’m not
keeping him permanently, he is pretty interesting to show off. So he was not given UVB, which meant that his
shell did not grow well. And this causes quite a few things. Not all of them we can tell necessarily. Now thankfully, because
he’s twice the age of me, we can tell that he’s probably gonna be fine the rest of his life. He’s probably been thriving well so far, since he does look quite good overall, but the things we cannot
see is how his skeleton is. It would be interesting
to get an x-ray of him. I might see if I can
do that at some point. But who knows what exactly
his skeleton looks like. How things are pushed around inside. Who knows how his organs are placed. If they’re being squished together or pushed to the side or bent weirdly. Now thankfully, like I
said, he’s doing well, so there’s probably
nothing that’ll rupture or have issues long-term. But also, we can’t be completely sure, and it’s not a risk you wanna take at all. Aside from that, he’s not
very good at moving around. Swimming, he has to have super deep water to make sure if he rolls over, that he can roll himself back. He does adapt pretty well, but things like getting
onto a basking spot is really difficult when
you have this huge belly that you’re also sitting on. It’s gonna be a pain. He is gonna need a lot of accommodation when it comes to basking
and stuff like that, because although this
cannot at all be reverted, this is permanent for
the rest of his life, it can at least not get
worse because turtles do grow their entire
life like every reptile. But it does slow down as they get older. Most of their growth is in
the first two years or so for most reptiles. But thankfully, you can see
that he’s still super energetic, super friendly, really
comfortable with people, and quick plug, he’s
available on Emerald Scales, where we re-home, sell, rehab animals. The other two animals I’ll be showing you have actually already sold on the site, but if you wanna get
updated on the new animals, you can sign up to the newsletter or the mailing list which is linked below so that you do see new animals
before almost anyone else. But he is still available. He is definitely gonna be special needs and need his own little things, but regardless, he does quite
well and adapts with it. It’s super unfortunate and it’s super weird just how
ridiculous his shell can look. Next up is a little bearded dragon named Lucky by the previous owner. Like the first one, the previous owner was not the one who
caused the issues in care but instead they got it from someone else and cared for them the
best that they could and helped them the best that they could. Lucky is a weird beardy. His legs are completely
locked basically inside the base of his body as you can see. Now he doesn’t really seem to care. He too adapts super well, but he also has metabolic bone disease. It does affect him differently because he doesn’t have a shell, but he does still have bones. And you can see, although I
can actually move his legs, they just, they’re natural
position is under his body, like in a mummy pose. So this makes a lot of things
difficult like walking around, flipping himself over if
he falls off something … What else do beardies do? I don’t know, but he also needs a lot of accommodation with his enclosure because he can easily fall
off of things or roll off ’cause he’s just scale-y soft-ish that can just start rolling and not stop. But thankfully, he’s still
very motivated in general when it comes to eating and basking, and he does do well with all those things. Now, it’s just sad because
you can just kind of imagine what he would be like
if he a normal beardy. He could run around and explore more. And who knows how his joints feel or how uncomfortable or how sore he gets because his legs are always
underneath his body like this. Just because he’s messed up like this doesn’t mean he’s gonna stop growing. He’s still pretty young and is going to continue growing in size. Now he could also be stunted, meaning that he’s not gonna grow anymore, but it’s best to assume that
he is gonna keep growing. So assuming he is gonna keep growing, that’s just gonna be more
weight on his joints, more stress on his legs and body, and it might be harder
for him to move around ’cause it’s hard for
him to build up muscle when he can’t really move that much. So if you think about it, if you have the legs of a two-year-old or the strength of a two-year-old’s legs, but you weigh as much as
a normal-weighted human, it would be kind of hard to walk around. This isn’t an exact comparison, because beardies do have four legs. They move very differently, but it just kind of gives you an idea of what it’s gonna be like for him, and I don’t know why his
leg is out like this. So he can kind of hold on. I guess I could put his
arms around my finger, and that just looks like he’s
holding on for dear life, but it’s actually just ’cause
he can’t move his arms. Lucky’s pretty pretty in general. He’s got some nice oranges and browns, and he obviously was not
a normal bearded dragon. It’s just whoever got
him first did not know what they were doing and
did some of the same issues. Either A, they didn’t give him UVB, because beardies need it was well. They are also a basking species. Like in Australia, you’ll find them on rocks and logs and places, basking in the sun so that
they can grow properly. Also, diet can have a big change or effect on this with lizards. Along with turtles,
but lizards especially. If he wasn’t fed a proper diet, if he didn’t get the right
vitamins or minerals, if he wasn’t fed the
right veggies or proteins, if he didn’t have a balanced diet, that probably affected it as well. So he cannot be reverted
either, just like the turtle. He’s permanently gonna be like this, but it can be stopped from getting worse and maybe even get a little
bit better over the years. But the likelihood of him
looking like this is that it’s gonna be quite permanent
for the rest of this life. I don’t know his exact age, but let’s say he’s under two years old, which is probably under a year, assuming he’s not super stunted. he still has nine to 12 years left, and hopefully he’ll do just fine. A lot of people talk about where
the line is for euthanasia. I definitely don’t
think he’s on that line, ’cause you can tell he’s not stressed, he’s not uncomfortable, but who knows how he’ll be in the future. So that’s Lucky, a
weird-looking bearded dragon. The third is this little
special needs leopard gecko who, you guessed it, also has
metabolic bone disease. We’ve only had a few leopard
geckos that have gotten MBD. It’s impressive to mess up a
leopard gecko care this badly. So congrats, you did it. You conquered really bad care. This one actually sold a couple
hours before filming this, so congrats to whoever bought them, assuming you’ve passed verification. Wink, wink, and we’re watching you. Now, this is a beautiful gecko. I’m not perfect with gecko morphs, and this is originally from a pet store that was just probably shipped in from Reptiles by Mack
or some big supplier, so the exact morph we’re not
gonna have the lineage of. To me, it looks like a
Mack Snow Tremper Albino. I could be wrong with that, but that’s my best guess. It looks a lot like the Mack Snow Tremper Albinos that we have. And he is also suffering in the leg area. His legs aren’t looking too good. His joints are basically inverted. His worst foot is his front right one, and you can just see it from the video. He’s very bizarre. Thankfully, he doesn’t seem to notice this just like the other two ’cause
it’s kind of all he knows. Unfortunately, he’s also very young, so he’s gonna have this for quite a while, and continue having issues. His tail, however, looks good. He’s a good weight. He’s eating really well. He’s very enthusiastic,
has a ton of energy. He’s squinting a little bit ’cause these lights are very bright and he is A, a leopard
gecko, and B, albino, both of which make their
eyes more sensitive, so I wouldn’t actually give him UVB. So UVB is an iffy one with leopard geckos, because that does actually not
cause metabolic bone disease. This is the one nocturnal species
that I have in this video, meaning that they would
not bask in the sun, meaning that they don’t need UVB. All they need is a proper diet and of course heating and stuff, but to cause metabolic bone
disease, it’s entirely diet, meaning he probably wasn’t
given the right vitamins or minerals with his food. I do have a care guide on leopard geckos where I break this down, so you can find that on
goherping.com/leopardgeckos. And because of that, his
legs just grew super wonky and his joints are forever messed up. Accomodation-wise, he
probably needs the least because he can still move around. He just looks kind of like he’s crawling or dragging himself more. I wouldn’t give him
anything super high up, but leopard geckos don’t
usually get that anyway. And he can get himself to
and from his water bowl, to his heating, to his
hiding spaces and stuff. So thankfully, he is not
going to be too difficult to deal with in the future. It’s just unfortunate that he has to deal with something that was
really easily avoidable if he was cared for properly, which is not that much to ask. We have lots of animals
with no issues whatsoever, but it’s definitely increasingly common to get animals that look pretty bad because we take in pretty much anything from pretty much anywhere
from pretty much anyone, so who knows? I think it’s interesting
that we have these three all at the same time so I
can show you an example of a leopard gecko,
bearded dragon, and slider with the same disease,
metabolic bone disease, which are all caused
from different things. So yeah, it’s kind of sad, but thankfully, I think they’re all going to do okay. But those are the three
pretty unique animals that I wanted to show you today. There’s gonna be more. We all know there’s gonna be more. I’d like to pretend like
maybe there won’t be. Maybe the rest of the animals
will be healthy and happy, but that’s not true, so yeah. Kind of unfortunate, but we’ll deal with them as they come in. So that’s Lucky, the leopard
gecko, and the slider, one of which is still available at emeraldscales.com if you’re interested. So that’s it. I hope you enjoyed checking
out these three dudes, but I’m Alex and thanks for watching. (soft upbeat music)


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