What Causes the Northern Lights?

What Causes the Northern Lights?

The Aurora Borealis, otherwise known as The
Northern Lights are one of nature’s most beautiful displays of omnipotence. Despite
what its name suggests, The Northern Lights can be seen almost anywhere in the world,
even as far south as the equator. The phenomenon has been witnessed in Honolulu and Singapore.
However, sightings that far south are extremely rare, it’s most commonly witnessed within
the Arctic Circle. The South Pole also has its own version of the Aurora Borealis, called
the Aurora Australis. And Earth isn’t the only planet with aurora, you would witness
a similar phenomenon if you were to stand on Jupiter or Saturn. Uranus has aurora too,
but unlike the other planets with their wave-like aurora, the aurora on Uranus would look like
glowing dots… and yes, I am talking about the planet. But what exactly causes these
mysterious light shows? Let’s find out. Some Inuit believe that the spirits of their
ancestors can be seen dancing within the lights of the Aurora. The Vikings believed that the
Aurora was a bridge of fire to the sky, forged by the gods. Well, spoiler alert, according
to modern science, the northern and southern lights are not dancing spirits or a bridge
of fire. They are actually caused by something much more tangible, the Sun. Our Sun is a 4.57 billion-year-old ball of
hydrogen and other gasses fusing away in space, 150 million kilometres away from planet Earth.
And every once in a while it kicks up a bit of a storm, a Solar Storm to be precise. The
Sun produces energy by smashing hydrogen atoms together in its core, under such immense temperatures
and pressures, to cause the hydrogen atoms to fuse, to form helium atoms. This process
is known as nuclear fusion. When atoms are under these kinds of pressures they turn into
a mushy soup of freely moving particles, which is a fourth state of matter known as plasma.
The Sun is essentially a gigantic ball of swirling plasma. Using the process of nuclear fusion, the Sun
is able to turn small amounts of matter into enormous quantities of energy. It’s how
the Sun has managed to keep producing energy for billions of years without running out
of fuel. If human-kind were able to consistently replicate nuclear-fusion here on Earth, we
would be able to make almost infinite amounts of energy, using relatively little resources.
In fact, if you could convert the mass of one bag of sugar into energy it would be enough
to drive a car, non-stop, for 100,000 years. All this plasma swirling around within the
Sun generates huge magnetic fields. These magnetic fields are under such immense pressures
within the Sun, that sometimes the lines of force of theses magnetic fields meet. When
this happens, the magnetic field is forced outwards, towards the surface of the Sun.
Once it reaches the Sun’s surface it ejects outwards into space at great speeds, taking
extremely hot gasses and charged particles, also known as plasma, with it. This is known
as a solar flare and they can be witnessed on the Sun’s surface as a very bright spot
followed by a cloud of gas. When a very large solar flare occurs containing a significantly
huge amount of energy, it is referred to as a Coronal Mass Ejection or CME for short.
The gas clouds produced by a CME can sometimes be larger than the Sun itself. CME’s and solar flares don’t stop just
outside the Sun’s surface. Charged particles ejected from the Sun continue to travel outwards
through space over enormous distances. After travelling through space for around two days
they will reach planet Earth. This is known as the solar wind and it can be extremely
dangerous. If the magnetic field released from a solar flare or CME were to hit planet
Earth it could cause the extinction of the human race. So why hasn’t it? After all
solar flares are taking place regularly on the Sun’s surface. Well the solar wind does actually hit Earth,
often, but our trusty planet is well-prepared. We have a defence system to protect us from
the huge amounts of energy the Sun bombards us with on a daily basis. Just like the Sun,
the Earth produces its own magnetic field. At the Earth’s core is a ball of solid iron,
the heat of this iron turns the surrounding outer core into flowing liquid iron. The movement
of this outer liquid core produces a magnetic field, that, luckily for us, encompasses the
Earth. The Earth’s magnetic field protects us from
all sorts of harsh destructive forces that come from far away in space, including solar
flares. This protective barrier is called the Earth’s magnetosphere and it extends
thousands of kilometres into space. That sounds large, but it’s actually rather modest,
Jupiter’s magnetosphere extends over seven million kilometres into space on each side
of the planet. In fact, on Jupiter’s nightside, the side facing away from the Sun, the magnetic
field which is emitted is so large, that it reaches Saturn. Anyway, back to Earth. Most of the Sun’s
solar winds simply bounce off the Earth’s magnetosphere when it reaches us. However,
the magnetosphere has two weak spots, at the north and south poles. At these two locations
the magnetic fields which protect planet Earth are much less prevalent than nearer the equator. This means that a very small percentage of
the charged particles that come from the Sun do make their way into the Earth’s atmosphere
via the two weak spots at the poles. When this happens the electrons in the solar wind
collide with oxygen and nitrogen atoms in the Earth’s atmosphere. During this interaction
energy is transferred from the atoms in the solar wind to the Earth’s oxygen and nitrogen
atoms. Raising these atom’s energy states and exciting them. When an atom gets excited
its electrons move into an orbit further away from the nucleus. These newly excited atoms need to release
this new found energy to “calm themselves down” and return to their baseline energy
state. The oxygen and nitrogen atoms release this energy in the form of particles of light
or photons. The light they give out is what we call the aurora. This process of exciting
atoms to cause them to release energy in the form of light is the exact same way that neon
lights work. The aurora are simply mother nature’s neon lights, executed on a far
grander scale. The only difference is that nature uses this phenomenon in a far subtler
way than to advertise strip bars. The aurora typically appears in vast curtains
or waves of light following a distinct line across the sky. They appear this way because
they are following lines of force in the Earth’s magnetic field. Yep, that’s right, the aurora
uses the force. The different colours of the aurora are caused
by different gases in the atmosphere. Each gas emits a unique colour when it is excited.
For example, oxygen gives off a green light when it’s excited, which is the most common
colour seen in the aurora. Nitrogen on the other hand, gives of blue and red colours
when excited. So to summarise, when charged particles released
from the solar flares on the Sun’s surface hit our planet at either the north or south
pole, they interact with atoms in the Earth’s atmostphere. Causing their electrons to move
to a higher energy state. When the electrons drop back down to a lower energy state they
release photons, tiny little particles of light, which light up the night’s sky in
a spectacular display of painted waves, following the natural magnetic field lines of planet
Earth. Knowing how the aurora are formed may spoil
the beauty for you, but I believe there’s an even greater beauty in understanding the
science behind one of nature’s most breathtaking performances. So if you’re ever lucky enough
to experience the aurora for yourself, just take a moment to contemplate on how truly
marvellous and magnificent the universe really is …and then take selfies.

100 thoughts on “What Causes the Northern Lights?

  1. What if humans and our planet are actually like a tiny ant colony? Could we not be someone's science experiment? Do you think ants know about us? Maybe some massive beings are watching these tiny human colonies? Hmmmm

  2. "Following the natural magnetic field lines of planet earth" 8:35 BUT there are no "magnetic field LINES" in nature…? The magnetic field is smooth, continuous, so that explanation must be false…?

  3. You devil, you have not proven the theory of gravity …and you are going to just throw out a crappy story about whats happening on other so called planets? You devils know what these lights are and the glory of.
    Dog Satanist …THE LORD, IN MY OPINION, IS TOO PATIENT. "Mother nature" …no He is The Father of His people and the Creator of nature, and it is His Glory you refuse to acknowledge …and you are looking towards His Throne as it is written rainbows of Emerald encircles his throne …His Throne is North. And soon you Wicked perverse reprobates will acknowledge …because every knee shall bow and every tongue shall confess that He iS THE LORD.

  4. It makes me feel a little warm inside to know that out of the four planets that can experience the lights, we're the only terrestrial one.

    I'd wager that it's just from the stellar radiation, though.

  5. If they can create a destruction then why the satellites are still okay and why the astronauts are still alive in the space?

  6. It’s how wonderful and marvelous God is and shows how we should appreciate the beauty he has put in nature for he is the Great Designer

  7. You will know of the frequency healing channels, and Tesla's quote etc, We can take in and put out this energy, different frequencies for different moods, well the Archons farming us for it love that sweet guilt, shame, sorrow, regret, empathy, anxiety, fear and frustration. type of frequency. Thats what they require, it explains the previously unexplained, why all the needless poverty, starvation while we waste more than would feed them. Why so many things, this why. How it all makes us feel. Thats the reason for the globe LIE, so they could say spinning caused the magnetism, somehow. And the sun being a ball of fire LIE so fake solar thingies could do the other lie,. Don't let a tranny puppet in a suit tell you other wise. We can control it you know, if we could all get along, Stop the coming reset like Final fantasy 7 showed us. We are a collective conscience https://youtu.be/Zcef943eoiQ?t=90

  8. You have taught me something in this video that I never knew. I am 68 and it's a true saying, you are never to old to learn. Thank you.

  9. This guy looks like a scammy MLM sales guy who doesn't belong in a suit, especially with that shave job 🤣

  10. Thankfully my mums a spirit which means her spirit is somewhere up there but I don't want to see her spirit

  11. Knowing a bit about how these lights work could never ruin their beauty they are truly an amazing reaction of light energy and nature

  12. OMG you are amazing!!!
    Thank you for educating us about the northern lights! You should work for NASA! Hahahahaha
    I’ve never commented on YouTube videos until now🤗
    Great Job❣️

    From Colorado USA 🇺🇸
    Your fan😉

  13. Definitely on my bucket list to see the Aurora Borealis in the sky while smoking The Aurora Borealis strain of flower.

  14. I wish I didn't watch this…it spoils the beauty behind the mystery. Sometimes things are more fun when we don't understand the science behind it

  15. Very well explained! !! I could actually follownit!!!

    Are you a science teacher? If not you should be. You would probably relate well with kids.

  16. Really well explained.You make it easy to understand especially as you summed up at the end of your video.Keep up the good work.

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